Hannibal's army spent the winter of 216-215 B.C. in Capua,ref during which time it is said to have engaged in liscentious conduct. However, this is not surprising considering that the army had spent the previous 4 years incessantly campaigning in Italy.ref Many of Hannibal's veterans from Iberia were gone, and the composition of his army was this time to take a different form. Recruits from his allies in Italy would be a major contributor to his army.ref In addition to this, the Romans were to start treating him with the respect he deserved, and all the meanwhile their legions would be gaining in ability and experience while Hannibal would constantly be compelled to train fresh recruits. In spite of this, until Hannibal departs from Italy we shall see the Roman Consuls and Praetors dealing with him in a similar way to which Fabius dealt with him - that is to attack his foragers and avoid him in a major battle.
The Consuls for the year 215 B.C. were the former [[Dictator]][[Fabius Cuncator|Fabius]]ref and [[...|Tiberius Sempronius Grachus]]. was to take the field in his capacity as Proconsul. These were all tried and tested officers, and they would conduct their armies armies accordingly. The Senate, as one of its first measures, decided to double imports and taxes of all sorts,ref in order to be able to equip their legionnaires and pay their salaries.ref The senate ordered the various army commanders to continue the Fabian strategy.ref
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The Consuls for the year 214 B.C. were Fabius and Marcellus.ref[[File:Hannibal and the armies against him.jpeg|350px|thumbnail|left|Hannibal and the Armies in the field against him 214 B.C.]] The armies under the command of a praetor were commanded by Fulvius,Fabius Jr., Octalius and [[Lentulus]].ref This year the Consuls were ordered by the Senate to put afoot 20 , which with the 20 allied legions that would be put into the field with the Roman legions would equal something over 200,000 men.ref These legions were disperesed as follows; Lentulus the governor of Sicily for the year had two legions in Sicily, there were another two in [[Quintus Mucius]] in Sardinia, and two in cisalpine gaul under Manius Pomponius which was attached to the Roman Army in Spain. In Italy there were; Two fresh legions under the Consul Fabius, Another two legions under his colleague Marcellus, Grachus was opposite Hannibal with two legions that were manned by slaves promised with manumission for meritorious service, Fabius Jr. as Praetor had two legions. There were, of course, two in Rome - [[Varro]], the commander who had conducted himself so poorly at Cannae, had a legion near Cisalpine gaul which was placed there as a reserve to the legions in Cisalpine Gaul.ref The last legion was in [[Brundisium]]. Another fleet was constructed by fiat of the senate and it was financed by a tax on the wealthiest citizens.ref Four of these armies were stationed directly against the Carthaginian army, the rest were to be involved in the war indirectly by attacking and harassing the allies of Hannibal.ref