During the Second World War the Cripplegate area was virtually destroyed and by 1951 the resident population of the City stood at only 5,324, of whom 48 lived in Cripplegate. Discussions began in 1952 about the future of the area, and the decision to build new residential properties was taken by the Court of Common Council on 19 September 1957. The area was reopened as the [[Barbican Estate]] in 1969. Cripplegate is today the most populous of the four residential wards of the City, with a population of 2,782 (2011).
== Etymology ==
The name of the gate has uncertain origins. It could be derived from the Anglo-Saxon term crepel, meaning a covered way or underground passage. Supporting this is the gate's mentions in the fourth law code of [[Æthelred the Unready]] and a charter of [[William the Conqueror]] from 1068: in both these documents the spelling used is 'Crepelgate' ('Saxon London', by [[Alan Vince]], 1990, p43). However it is not certain this is the origin of the name.ref
Other theories suggest it is so-called because of the who used to beg there; however this is unsubstantiated. Additionally the body of St. [[Edmund the Martyr]] was said to have been carried through it in 1010 on its way from [[Bury St Edmunds]] to St. Gregory's church to save it from the Danes and Lydgate, a monk of Bury, claimed that the body cured many lame peasants as it passed through the gate.