==== The Wedding of Cupid and Psyche ====[[File:Raffaello, banchetto nuziale 02.jpg|thumb|upright=1.8|The Wedding Banquet of Cupid and Psyche (1517) by Raphael and his workshop, from the Loggia di Psiche, Villa Farnesina]]
The assembly of the gods has been a popular scenario for both visual and performing arts, with the wedding banquet of Cupid and Psyche a particularly rich occasion. Apuleius describes the scene in terms of a festive Roman dinner party ([[cena]]). Cupid, now a husband, reclines in the place of honor (the [[triclinium|"top" couch]]) and embraces Psyche in his lap. Jupiter and [[Juno (mythology)|]] situate themselves likewise, and all the other gods are arranged in order. The cupbearer of Jove (Jupiter's other name) serves him with nectar, the "wine of the gods"; Apuleius refers to the cupbearer only as ille rusticus puer, "that country boy," and not as [[Ganymede (mythology)|]]. [[Liber]], the Roman god of wine, serves the rest of the company. [[Volcanus|Vulcan]], the god of fire, cooks the food; the [[Horae]] ("Seasons" or "Hours") adorn, or more literally "empurple," everything with roses and other flowers; the [[Gratiae|Graces]] suffuse the setting with the scent of , and the [[Muses]] with melodic singing. Apollo sings to his [[cithara|lyre]], and Venus takes the starring role in dancing at the wedding, with the Muses as her chorus girls, a [[satyr]] blowing the [[aulos]] (tibia in Latin), and a young [[...|Pan]] expressing himself through the [[Pan flute|pan pipes]] (fistula).
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The tale thus lent itself to adaptation in a Christian or [[Mysticism|mystical]] context. In the [[Gnostic]] text [[On the Origin of the World]], the first rose is created from the blood of Psyche when she loses her virginity to Cupid.ref To the Christian mythographer [[...|Fulgentius]] (6th century), Psyche was an [[Adam]] figure, driven by sinful curiosity and lust from the paradise of Love's domain.ref Psyche's sisters are Flesh and Free Will, and her parents are God and Matter.ref To [[Boccaccio]] (14th century), the marriage of Cupid and Psyche symbolized the union of soul and God.ref== Classical tradition ==
Apuleius's novel was among the ancient texts that made the crucial transition from to [[codex]] form when it was edited at the end of the late 4th century. It was known to Latin writers such as [[Augustine of Hippo]], [[Macrobius]], [[Sidonius Apollinaris]], Martianus Capella, and Fulgentius, but toward the end of the 6th century lapsed into obscurity and survived what was formerly known as the "[[Dark Ages (historiography)|]]" through perhaps a single [[manuscript]].ref The Metamorphoses remained unknown in the 13th century,ref but copies had begun to circulate in the mid-1300s among the [[Italian humanism|early humanists]] in [[Renaissance Florence|Florence]].ref Boccaccio's text and interpretation of Cupid and Psyche in his [[Genealogia deorum gentilium]] (written in the 1370s and published 1472) was a major impetus to the reception of the tale in the [[Italian Renaissance]] and to its dissemination throughout Europe.ref
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[[Thomas Bulfinch]] wrote a shorter adaptation of the Cupid and Psyche tale for his Age of Fable, borrowing Tighe's invention of Cupid's self-wounding, which did not appear in the original. [[Josephine Preston Peabody]] wrote a version for children in her Old Greek Folk Stories Told Anew (1897).
=== Performing arts ===
In 1634, [[Thomas Heywood]] turned the tale of Cupid and Psyche into a [[masque]] for the court of [[Charles I of England|Charles I]].ref's [[Psyché (opera)|]] (1678) is a Baroque [[French opera]] (a "[[tragédie lyrique]]") based on [[Psyché (play)|the 1671 play]] by [[Molière]], which had musical [[intermède]]s by Lully. [[Matthew Locke (composer)|]]'s [[semi-opera]] [[Psyche (Locke)|]] (1675) is a loose reworking from the 1671 production. In 1800, [[Ludwig Abeille]] premièred his four-act German opera ([[singspiel]]) [[Amor und Psyche]], with a [[libretto]] by [[Franz Carl Hiemer]] based on Apuleius.