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A standard modern kit (for a right-handed player), as used in [[popular music]] and taught in many music schools,ref contains:
* A [[snare drum]], mounted on a specialised [[snare drum stand|stand]], placed between the player's knees and played with [[drum stick]]s (which may include [[rute (music)|]]s or [[brushes (percussion)|]]).
* A [[bass drum]], played by a [[bass drum pedal|pedal]] operated by the right foot.
* A [[hi-hat]] stand and cymbals, operated by the left foot and played with the sticks, particularly but not only the right hand stick.
* One or more [[tom-tom drum]]s, played with the sticks.
* One or more [[cymbal]]s, played with the sticks, particularly but not only the right hand stick.
All of these are [[unpitched percussion]], allowing the music to be using [[percussion notation]], for which a loose standard exists for the drum kit. If some or all of them are replaced by [[electronic drum]]s, the scoring and most often positioning remains the same, allowing a standard teaching approach. The drum kit is usually played seated on a [[drum stool]] or throne.
Many drummers [[#Extended kits|extend]] their kits from this basic pattern, adding more drums, more cymbals, and many other instruments including [[pitched percussion]]. In some styles of music particular extensions are normal, for example [[double bass drum]]s in [[heavy metal music]]. On the other extreme but more rarely, some performers [[#Small kits|omit]] elements from even the basic setup, also dependent on the style of music and individual preferences.
[[File:Drumming 2.jpg|thumb|400px|[[Louis Moholo]] playing a [[#Four-piece|four-piece kit]]]]