King Jan II Kazimierz Vasa was aware of the condition of the Polish-Lithuanian state, and initiated an attempt to reform its institutions. In 1658, he introduced a program of improvement of the government, which stipulated, among others, voting by majority, creating a government and general tax system. Polish [[Senate]] tentatively agreed to the reform, creating a special commission. The problem was the issue of royal election (see [[Royal elections in Poland]]) - the king and his supporters wanted to introduce the [[Vivente rege]] system, while his opponents disagreed.
The King and his wife [[Marie Louise Gonzaga]] began to look for supporters among the [[szlachta]] and the magnates. They opponents, acting on initiative of [[Habsburg]] envoy [[Franz Paul de Lisola]], created their own camp, with such members as [[Greater Poland]]’s and [[Jan Leszczynski]], as well as [[Lesser Poland]]’s [[Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski]]. As a result, all attempts of the reform were defeated.
== The rebellion ==