M. M. Shcherbatov received a good-formal education. He studied [[history]], [[philosophy]], [[literature]] and [[medicine]]. Until the end of his life he had a vast collection of 40,000 volumes in his home library. Like all educated people of that time he knew [[French language|French]], and in addition to that, he was also competent in [[German language|German]], [[Italian language|Italian]] and a few other western languages. From 1767 onwards, Shcherbatov was in the public service and held responsible posts. He was a deputy in the Established Commission of nobility (1767), a member of a private commission of the middle-class people Kamer- Junker, a member of the Board of Trade (1770), a Courtier (1773), a president of the Chamber Council and a Senator (1779).