The influence of the Minoan civilization outside Crete has been seen in the evidence of valuable Minoan handicraft items on the [[Greece|Greek mainland]]. It is likely that the ruling house of [[Mycenaean civilization|Mycene]] was connected to the Minoan trade network. After around 1700 BC, the material culture on the Greek mainland achieved a new level due to Minoan influence.ref Connections between [[Ancient Egypt|Egypt]] and Crete are prominent. Minoan ceramics are found in Egyptian cities and the Minoans imported several items from Egypt, especially [[papyrus]], as well as architectural and artistic ideas. The Egyptian [[hieroglyphs]] served as a model for the [[Minoan pictographic writing]], from which the famous [[Linear A]] and [[Linear B]] writing systems later developed.ref Bengtson has also demonstrated Minoan influence among artifacts.
Around 1450 BC, Minoan culture experienced a turning point due to a natural catastrophe, possibly an earthquake. Another eruption of the [[Thera eruption|Thera]] volcano has been linked to this downfall, but its dating and implications remain controversial. Several important palaces in locations such as Mallia, Tylissos, Phaistos, Hagia Triade as well as the living quarters of Knossos were destroyed. The palace in Knossos seems to have remained largely intact. This resulted in the Dynasty in Knossos being able to spread its influence over large parts of Crete, until it was overrun by [[Mycenaean Greece|Mycenaean Greeks]].ref
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Minoan techniques and styles in ceramics also provided models, of fluctuating influence, for [[Helladic period|Helladic Greece]]. Along with the familiar example of [[Santorini|Thera]], Minoan "colonies" can be found first at [[Kastri, Kythera|]] on [[Cythera (island)|]], an island close to the Greek mainland that came under Minoan influence in the mid-third millennium (EMII) and remained Minoan in culture for a thousand years, until Mycenaean occupation in the 13th century. The use of the term "colony", however, like "thalassocracy", has been criticized in recent years.ref The Minoan strata there replace a mainland-derived culture in the Early Bronze Age, the earliest Minoan settlement outside Crete.ref
The [[Cyclades]] were in the Minoan cultural orbit, and, closer to Crete, the islands of [[Karpathos]], and [[Kasos]], also contained Minoan colonies, or settlements of Minoan traders, from the Middle Bronze Age (MMI-II). Most of them were abandoned in LMI, but Minoan Karpathos recovered and continued with a Minoan culture until the end of the Bronze Age.ref Other supposed Minoan colonies, such as that hypothesised by [[Adolf Furtwängler]] for [[Aegina]], were later dismissed by scholars.ref There was a Minoan colony at [[Ialysos]] on [[Rhodes]].ref