There were also compound titles, such as (Maha)rajadhiraj, Raj-i-rajgan, often relics from an elaborate system of hierarchical titles under the [[Mughal Empire|Mughal emperors]]. For example, the addition of the adjective Bahadur raised the status of the titleholder one level.
Furthermore most dynasties used a variety of additional titles, such as [[Varma (name)|]] in South India. This should not be confused with various titles and suffixes not specific to princes but used by entire (sub)castes.
The [[Sikh]] princes concentrated at [[Punjab region|Punjab]] usually adopted Hindu type titles when attaining princely rank; at a lower level [[Sardar]] was used.
[[Islam|Muslim]] rulers almost all used the title "[[Nawab]]" (the Arabic honorific of naib, "deputy," used of the Mughal governors, who became de facto autonomous with the decline of the Mughal Empire), with the prominent exceptions of the [[Nizam]] of [[Hyderabad & Berar]], the [[Wāli]]/[[Khan (title)|]] of [[Kalat (princely state)|]] and the [[Wāli of Swat]].
Other less usual titles included [[Darbar Sahib]], [[Dewan]], Jam, (unique to [[Chitral (princely state)|]]) and Mir (from [[Emir]]).
== Precedence and prestige ==
However, the actual importance of a princely state cannot be read from the title of its ruler, which was usually granted (or at least recognised) as a favour, often in recognition for loyalty and services rendered to the [[Mughal Empire]]. Although some titles were raised once or even repeatedly, there was no automatic updating when a state gained or lost real power. In fact, princely titles were even awarded to holders of domains (mainly [[jagir]]s) and even [[zamindar]]s (tax collectors), which were not states at all. Various sources give significantly different numbers of states and domains of the various types. Even in general, the definition of titles and domains are clearly not well-established. There is also no strict relation between the levels of the titles and the classes of gun salutes, the real measure of precedence, but merely a growing percentage of higher titles in classes with more guns.