Spats continue as a distinctive feature of the Scottish dress of Highland pipe bands, whether civilian or military. The modern [[Royal Regiment of Scotland]], into which all Scottish line infantry regiments were amalgamated in 2006, retain white spats as part of their uniform. Prior to that date most Scottish infantry units in the [[British Army]] wore spats. For Highland regiments in [[kilts]] spats reached halfway up the calf. For Lowland regiments in [[trews]] spats were visible only over the [[brogue shoe]]s.
Most regiments of the modern [[Indian army|Indian]] and [[Pakistani Army|Pakistani]] Armies wear long white spats into which trousers are tucked, as part of their parade dress. Other full dress uniforms which still include spats are those of the [[Finnish Army]], [[Swedish Army]], [[Portuguese Republican National Guard]], the [[Carabiniers]] of [[Monaco]], the Egyptian Military Police and the Italian [[Military Academy of Modena]]. In the [[Finnish Navy]], spats are part of the winter uniform. The U.S. Navy Honor Guard and Rifle Guard wear them while performing ceremonies.
Spats are still used as a traditional accessory in many [[marching band]] and uniforms in the [[United States]].
== Safety and protection ==
Spats are still used today in certain industries for [[safety]] reasons. In [[foundry|foundries]] molten metal pourers often wear leather spats to keep splashes of molten metal from burning their feet. Even a small splash that lodges in a shoe or between the shoe and ankle could cause a severe burn. Many [[welder]]s also wear leather spats for protection from sparks and metal splash. Some [[chainsaw]] operators wear protective leather spats, often combined with [[...|chainsaw boots]] to prevent injury from accidental chainsaw contact with the foot or ankle.
Spats are also used for extreme weather conditions and are usually made from Goretex materials (See [[Gaiters]]). The Argentine Army use brown leather spats laced over combat boots as ankle supports for parachute jumping.